Redux (literary term)

Redux is a post-positive adjective meaning “brought back, restored” (from Latin reducere , “to bring back”) [1] used in literature, film and video game titles.

Works of literature using the word in the title include John Dryden ‘s Astraea Redux (1662), “a poem on the happy restoration and return of His Sacred Majesty “; Anthony Trollope ‘s Phineas Redux (1873), the sequel to Phineas Finn (1867); and John Updike ‘s Rabbit Redux (1971), the second in his series of novels about the Rabbit Angstrom character.

Rabbit Redux led to a return in the popularity of the word redux and, in Rabbit at Rest (1990), Rabbit Angstrom notices “a story […] in the Sarasota paper a week or so ago, headlined Circus Redux. He hates that word, you see it everywhere, and he does not know how to pronounce it. Like arbitrager and perestroika . ” [2]

The term has been adopted by filmmakers to denote a new interpretation of an existing work by the restoration of previously removed material. This trend started with Apocalypse Now Redux , which Francis Ford Coppola released in 2001, re-edited and extending his original 1979 movie. citation needed ] original research? ]

The term has also been used by the music producers to describe a remix or remaster .


  1. Jump up^ Oxford English Dictionaryentry for “redux”.
  2. Jump up^ Rabbit at Rest, p.50