Absolute movie

Absolute film is a film movement by the group of visionary artists in Germany in the 1920s: Hans Richter , Walter Ruttmann , Oskar Fischinger and the Swede Viking Eggeling .

These artists present different approaches to abstraction-in-motion: a similar to music, or the creation of an absolute language of form, a desire common to early abstract art. Ruttmann wrote of his film work as ‘painting in time.’ They used rudimentary handicraft, techniques, and language in their short films that could not be represented in the visual arts.

In 1926, Hans Richter stated that the absolute movie originated in the scroll sketches that Viking Eggeling made in 1917-18. [1]


  • Rhythmus 21 ( Hans Richter , 1921)
  • Diagonal Symphony ( Viking Eggeling , 1924)
  • Opus IV (film) ( Walter Ruttmann , 1925)
  • Seelische Konstruktionen ( Oskar Fischinger , 1927)

See also

  • Abstract movie
  • Experimental movie
  • Pure cinema
  • Non-narrative film
  • Abstract animation
  • Visual music


  1. Jump up^ G: Zeitschrift für elementare Gestaltung, nr 5-6, 1926, p.5. Reprint edition edited by Detlef Mertins and Michael W. Jennings; Translated by Steven Lindberg & Margareta Ingrid Christian; Tate Publishing, 2010.