Because chase

car chase is the vehicular hot pursuit of suspects by law enforcers . The rise of the automotive industry in the 20th century Increased car ownership , leading to a growing number of criminals Attempting to evade Police In Their Own vehicle gold stolen car . Because they are often captured on the news broadcast by the police and by the police and media helicopters participating in the chase. Because these are also the subject of high-speed driving and the danger of high-speed driving.

In reality

Because chases occur when a suspect attempts to use a vehicle to escape from law enforcement or to detain or arrest him or her. The ASSUMED offense committed from May ranks misdemeanors Such As traffic offenses to felonies as serious as murder . When the suspect realizes that they have been spotted by law enforcement, they attempt to lose their pursuers by driving away, sometimes at high speed. Generally, suspects who are responsible for the crime of being caught by police or fugitives facing serious charges. In 2002, 700 pursuits were reported in the city of Los Angeles . [1]

Los Angeles television station KCAL reported quadrupling of ratings when police pursuits aired. [2] Police officials have asked for news media to reduce coverage of chases, claiming that they encourage suspects to flee and inciting gawkers to the purse, while the media responds that deterrent to police brutality . [3]

Police use a number of techniques to end chases, from the plating with the driver, waiting for the driver’s vehicle to run out of fuel, or hoping the driver becomes more of a police cruiser , ramming the vehicle, the PIT maneuver , shooting out the tires , or the use of spike strips , though all efforts, to avoid danger to civilians. When available, a helicopter may be employed, which in some cases, may be involved. The StarChasesystem as of summer 2009 Was in use by the Arizona Department of Public Safety . [4]

The February 2005 Macquarie Fields riots occurred in Sydney, Australia after a local driver crashed into a stolen vehicle into a tree, killing his two passengers following a high-speed police pursuit. The death of university student Clea Rose following a police chase in Canberra sparked major recriminations over police pursuit policies. Ole Christian Bach was found shot and killed in Sweden in a presumed suicide after he had been followed by a Swedish undercover police.

Reality television has a special role in the field of television shows and specials, mostly taken from police cruisers and law enforcement or media helicopters of suspects fleeing police.

One notable, recorded police chase occurred when an M60 Patton tank was stolen by Shawn Nelson from an Army National Guard armory , on May 17, 1995. Nelson went on a rampage through San Diego , California , with the massive tank crushing multiple civilian vehicles before to become stuck on a road divider. Police were able to get aboard the tank and open the hatch, killing the suspect when he would not surrender.

On June 4, 2004, welder Marvin Heemeyer went on a rampage in a heavily modified bulldozer in Granby, Colorado , wrecking 13 buildings including the town hall, the public library, a bank, a concrete batch plant, and a house owned by the town’s mayor, resulting in over $ 7 million in damage. The police were initially powerless, as none of their weapons could penetrate the suspect’s vehicle. However, the bulldozer’s engine failed and the machine became stuck, so heemeyer committed suicide by gunshot.

On July 27, 2007, at exactly 12:46:20 pm MST in Phoenix, Arizona , two helicopters crashed in mid air . Both are AS-350 AStar helicopters from KNXV-TV (the area’s ABC affiliate) and KTVK (an independent, but was the ABC affiliated to KNXV in 1995) news stations in mid-air above Steele Indian School Park in Phoenix , Arizona while covering a police pursuit. [5] [6]Four people were killed: KTVK pilot Scott Bowerbank and photographer Jim Cox; and pilot Craig Smith and photographer Rick Krolak of KNXV. [7] No one on the ground was injured. [8]

On September 28, 2012, Fox News aired a live police chase in Arizona which ended in the suspect exiting the chase. Fox News was airing it in a five-second delay instead of a normal ten-second delay, which ended up being broadcast live from the Fox Report . Shepard Smith soon apologized for the broadcast and vowed to never let it happen again. [9]

Risks and legal considerations

High-speed car chases are recognized as a road safety problem, as they are often used in the past. escape, or by the pursuing police cars. In the UK, it is estimated that 40 people are killed in road traffic incidents involving police, most of a police pursuit. [10] In the United States, chase-related deaths range between 300 and 400 people per year. [11]

Kristie’s Law is a proposed California law that would have reduced immunity for damage caused by high-speed pursuits, where law enforcement agencies have established, but not followed, written pursuit policies.

In 2007, the United States Supreme Court held in Scott c. Harris (550 US 372) That a “police officer’s attempt to terminate a dangerous high-speed chase that threatens the lives of innocent bystanders does not violate the Fourth Amendment , even when it places the fleeing motorist at risk of serious injury or death. ”

In most common law jurisdictions, the fireman ‘s rule can not be avoided because of the presence of suspects, because such injuries are presumed to be an inherent risk of the job. Public contempt and such immunity has resulted in statutory exceptions. One example is California Civil Code Section 1714.9 (enacted 1982), which reinstates liability where the suspect knew or should have known that the police were present.

High-speed policy pursuit differ by jurisdiction. Some safety advocates want to restrict risky chases to violent felonies. [11] Another option is to use technology to end or avoid the need for such chases. For example, vehicles can be tracked by aircraft or GPS tagging device like StarChase , allowing police agencies to reliably intercept suspects using stationary blockades, lower-speed vehicles, or when the vehicle is parked.

Inter-jurisdictional pursuits and policy issues

One particular hazard that is waiting for police pursuits is the problem of multiple law enforcement agencies to become involved in municipal and jurisdictional boundaries. This is sometimes complicated by radio communication incompatibility and policy differences in the various departments involved in a pursuit.

The city of Dallas, Texas was adopted by the United States to adopt an inter-Jurisdictional Pursuit Policy. In August 1984, the Dallas Police Department’s Planning and Research Division, under the command of Captain Rick Stone, was starting to negotiate with local authorities. The result was a model policy that became the standard for use by police departments around the country. [12]

In Europe, as many national borders do not have border stations, because chases can sometimes cross national boundaries. States often have agreements in place where the police can continue the chase across the national boundary. quote needed ]

In film and television

In film and television , the term “car chase” refers to a scene involving one or more automobiles pursuing one another; the chase may or may not involve a police car. Because chases are a staple of the action movie genre, and feature-length movies have been built around chases, often featuring high-powered, exotic vehicles . They are popular because they are fast moving scenes, and the result is a great deal of excitement and action, and the potential collisions and debris of the wreckage, while not being hugely expensive to stage .

Staging car chase sequences Often requires Numerous takes and destruction of Several vehicles (whether intentional or mishap), giving an incentive for filmmakers to find ways to Reduce costs. Hence, it is common to be more productive than others in the market, since these can be second-hand acquisitions at low cost due to depreciation. There are Some exceptions, if a high-profile vehicle (maybe but not Necessarily a halo car ) is used and / or if the vehicle manufacturer country for product placement in a movie output (serving as a technical adviser, donating vehicles to be used in filming); examples include the James Bond and Transporterfranchises who use current and even concept vehicles. [13]

Although they were filmed as early as the motor vehicle itself, the consensus among historians and film critics is that the first modern movie was 1968’s Bullitt . [14] [15] [16] [17] The revolutionary 10-minute-long chase scene in Bullittwas so much longer and so much faster than it had been before . Even during the most calamitous scenes, the star – Steve McQueen – could not be better at the wheel of the vehicle.

The French Connection further increased the realism. While previous chases had obviously been filmed on closed roads, isolated highways, or Sunday mornings (including Bullitt ), The French Connection in the midst of busy New York traffic and pedestrians. The producer of Both Bullitt and The French Connection , Philip D’Antoni , we live Went to The Seven-Ups with yet Reviews another trademark chase sequence through New York featuring Roy Scheider from The French Connection as well as Bill Hickman , one of the drivers Who had previously appeared in Bullitt .

As time went on, so did the expectations of the movie because chase. Since Bullitt , because chases featured in movies have become more advanced and arguably more entertaining. Because crashes have also formed an important role, with the destruction of any vehicle. An early example of a staged but successful accident in a movie can be found in the 1974 McQ movie , which featured an incredible rollover, the first cannon rollover in fact, across a beach. The show came at a cost, however, for stunt driver Hal Needham , who kept multiple injuries after setting the explosives too high.

Eventually, this movie is about to be released, such as the 1974 movie Gone in 60 Seconds , which culminated in a 40-minute car chase scene with multiple crashes (some of them unplanned, real accidents) and a 30-foot-high, 128-feet-long airborne jump over crashed cars that block a road.

Arguably the most typical car chase is one in which a car is being pursued by police cars . In part because they are so common many movie makers try to introduce a new twists to them. One of the most famous variations is from The French Connection and carries a car chasing an elevated train. Chases involving nozzles, trucks, snowmobiles, trains, tanks, and virtually every other type of vehicle (with or without wheels) have appeared at some point.

Because chases can also be played for laughs. Movies Such As The Blues Brothers , The Keystone Kops , WC Fields comedies, The Three Stooges , It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World , The Shaggy Dog , No Deposit, No ReturnFreaky Friday , The Gnome Mobile , The Million Dollar Duck , What’s Up, Doc? , and many others have chases that are used for comedy.

Probably the most complex type of chase involving the wrong way at high speed against moderately congested freeway traffic , most notably in The Live and Die in LA and Ronin which, by no small coincidence, were directed by William Friedkin ( The French Connection ) and John Frankenheimer ( French Connection II ), respectively.

Several films that feature complex large-scale chases involving a lot of vehicles in the pursuit include The Blues Brothers , The Transporter , Raiders of the Lost Ark , The Road Warrior , and The Fast and the Furious series . Another method of escalating a car chase szene to-have is a character move from one vehicle to Reviews another and to fight in gold on top of a moving vehicle as the Wachowskis employed very Effectively in The Matrix Reloaded .

A number of television shows, such as The Dukes of Hazzard , Knight Rider , Airwolf , and most recently, Chase .

In more modern times, the use of computer-generated imagery is becoming increasingly popular, and, while costly, eliminates any danger level. While impressive at times, it is often argued that it eliminates the realism of the chase scene, which can then in turn damage the established thrill factor. Recent examples of this computer-generated imagery can be found in the Michael Bay Bad Boys II movies and The Island . An example of a lower budget film using computer-generated imagery in a chase is RSTC: Reserve Spy Training Corps . Drivenwas particularly panned for its CGI because chase sequences. Such criticism has affected recent Hollywood productions; for example, movies like Ronin , The Bourne Supremacy , The Kingdom , and The Dark Knight all had live-action chases with minimal use of CGI, if at all.

In the action comedy Hot Fuzz movie , the scene in which Sergeant Angel chases the chase in movie history. The brevity of the scene, as reported in interviews, was itself the joke.

In computer and video games

Some racing computer and video games with police cars-have car chase (pursuit) racing / evasion modes. Notable examples of such games include the following:

  • Certain installments of the Need for Speed series , most needed for Speed ​​III: Hot Pursuit (1998), High Stakes (1999), Hot Pursuit 2 (2002), Most Wanted (2005), Carbon (2006), Undercover (2008) , Nitro (2009), World(2010), Hot Pursuit (2010), The Run (2011), Most Wanted (2012), Rivals (2013) And Need For Speed (2015).
  • The Grand Theft Auto series (1997 to present). A car chase will occur during certain missions, or if the player commits a crime and attempts to get away from the police.
  • The Driver series (1999 to present), is featured as a chase, and all games in the series, with the exception of Parallel Lines , have featured a “Film Director” mode that allows players to take any driving they have just done and create their own car chases by setting up cameras and the like in a post-production style movie suite.
  • Starsky and Hutch is a video game based on the popular TV series, and the majority of the game revolves around the world.
  • Enter the Matrix , a game that parallels the events in the second Matrix movie, features several chases, including the famous highway chase from the movie.
  • Chase HQ (1988) and its sequels (1989 and 1992) form an arcade racing game series where the player assumes the role of a police officer who, along with his partner, must stop fleeing criminals in high-speed pursuits.
  • Stuntman and Stuntman: Ignition frame the player as a stunt performer involved in the production of movie chase sequences.
  • Test Drive Unlimited
  • The Sim City 4: Rush Hour Expansion Pack contains police pursuit missions in its U-Drive-It feature.
  • Wheelman has chases in Spain with Vin Diesel playing a character named Milo Burik.
  • The Crazy Taxi franchise , while not featuring chases per se, takes after their cinematic tropes. Muscle and pony cars are mainly featured and the mechanics typically reward typical movie stunts.
  • Midnight Club Los Angeles
  • The black

See also

  • commandeering
  • Skye’s Law


  1. Jump up^ “Los Angeles media coverage to curb coverage of police chases” . The Sydney Morning Herald . 2003-02-28.
  2. Jump up^
  3. Jump up^ Leovy, Jill; Braxton, Greg (February 27, 2003). “Top Pan TV Car Chase Coverage Cops” . Los Angeles Times .
  4. Jump up^ ADPS press release. “DPS becomes the first state-level law enforcement agency in the country to deploy the StarChasePursuit Management System” September 30, 2009; accessed 12-11-2009
  5. Jump up^ “4 Dead As 2 Helicopters Tracking Police Pursuit Collide” . KPHO-TV. 2007-07-27. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27 . Retrieved 2007-07-27 .
  6. Jump up^ Accident Report 0902Midair Collision of Electronic News Gathering Helicopters KTVK-TV, Eurocopter AS350B2, N613TV, and US Helicopters, Inc., Eurocopter AS350B2, N215TV AircraftNational Transportation Safety Board. Accessed 2009-03-09. Archived2009-05-18.
  7. Jump up^ “Two helicopters crash while covering chase” . . 2007-07-27. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28 . Retrieved 2007-07-27 .
  8. Jump up^ Billeaud, Jacques. “2 news helicopters collide, crash in Phoenix park; 4 die” . Associated Press . Arizona Daily Star . Retrieved 2007-07-28 .
  9. Jump up^ “ Article: Carjacker kills himself after highspeed chase in Arizona” . Fox News Channel . September 28, 2012 . Retrieved 2012-10-03 .
  10. Jump up^ Independent Police Complaints Commission
  11. ^ Jump up to:b In Hot Pursuit Of Public Safety, Police Consider Fewer Car Chases
  12. Jump up^ “Dallas-area police departments set policy on pursuits”, Dallas Morning News, September 8, 1985.
  13. Jump up^ [1]
  14. Jump up^ John Alfred Heitmann,The Automobile And American Life(Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2009), 182-183.
  15. Jump up^ Jesse Crosse,The Greatest Movie Car Chases of All Time(St. Paul: MBI Publishing, 2006), 16.
  16. Jump up^ Todd Gitlin,Media Unlimited: The Torrent of Images and Sounds Overwhelms Our Lives(New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2002), 90.
  17. Jump up^ William Krause,Hollywood TV and Movie Cars(St. Paul: MBI Publishing, 2001), 39.