Cine film (sometimes Cine , no acute accent) is the current commonly used in the UK to refer to the 9.5 mm , 16 mm , 8 mm and 8 motion picture movie formats used for home movies . It is not used to the extent of 35 mm or 70 mm film, and is incorrect if applied to any video format. In the US, “movie film” is the common informal term for all formats and “motion picture film” the formal one.
Cine film literally means “moving” movie; deriving from the Greek “kine” for motion; it also has roots in the Anglo-French word cinematograph , meaning moving picture .
But there had been earlier attempts, typically employing larger formats, the introduction of the 9.5 mm and 16 mm formats in the early 1920s finally succeeded in introducing the practice of showing “play-at-home” copies of professionally made films, which, in the case of feature-length films, were usually much shortened from the originals.
More significantly, these new cine film gauges were the first truly practical formats for making casual amateur home movies, family gatherings, and important events such as weddings. Amateur dramas and comedies were sometimes filmed, usually just for fun and without any aspiration to artistic merit.
Amateur 16 mm movie-making was an expensive hobby limited to the tributary. The 9.5 mm format made more efficient use of film and was not quite so costly. The 8 mm format, introduced in 1932, and finally made home movies a reasonably affordable luxury for the many. Eventually, the 16 mm format comes to be used mostly for commercial, commercial and industrial purposes as a cost-cutting, compact alternative to 35 mm film that produced an acceptably sharp and bright image on smaller screens.
In the mid-1970s, Betamax and VHS home videocassette recorders were introduced. Color video cameras, previously beyond the financial reach of all but the richest amateurs, slowly becoming cheaper and smaller. Battery-powered camcorders combined the recorder and the camera into one portable and more compact and affordable unit. By the early 1980s an hour of blank videotape cost no more than a three-minute 50-foot roll of 8 mm film with processing. The writing was on the wall for a movie, but it was in the early 2010s all the film formats mentioned above are still supported by new film stock and processing.
Since cine film is now an obsolete format, some companies offer a service to convert these formats to DVD .