Director’s cut

director’s cut is an edited version of a film (or television episode , music video , commercial , or video game ) that is supposed to represent the director’s own approved edit. ‘Cut’ refers to the process of film editing ; in preparing a film for release, the director is cut by the assembly and rough editor’s cut and usually followed by the final cut meant for the public movie release .

Director’s cuts of film are released to the public, because one of the film’s directors does not have a final cut privilege . The production company, distributors, and / or studio can impose changes that they think will make the film profit at the box office . This sometimes means that it may be more ambiguous, or otherwise, that it may be more likely to be audience-restricting rating , but it is more often than not that the film is simply more flexible.

With the rise of home video, the sentence est devenu more Generically used as a marketing term (Including things Such As comic books and music albums , neither of qui Actually-have directors), and The Most Commonly seen form of director’s cut is a cut Where extra scenes and characters are added in, often making the director’s final cut.

Origin of the phrase

Traditionally, the “director’s cut” is not, by definition, the director’s ideal or preferred cut. The editing process of a film is broken into stages: The first is the assembly / rough cut, where all of them take place in the order in which they should appear in the film. Next, the editor’s cut is reduced from the rough cut; the editor may be guided by his own tastes or following notes from the director or producers. Eventually is the final cut , which actually gets released or broadcast. In between the editor’s cut and the final cut, the director’s cut. The director’s cut may include unsatisfactory takes, a preliminary soundtrack, a lack of desired pick-up shotsetc., which the director would not like to be shown. This film is used in the film industry, as well as commercials, television, and music videos.


The trend of releasing alternate cuts of films for artistic reasons became prominent in the 1970s; In 1974, the “director’s cut” of The Wild Bunch was shown theatrically in Los Angeles to sold-out audiences. [1] The theatrical release of the film was cut to a long time by R-rating, but this has been finalized. Other early examples include George Lucas’s first two films being re-released following the success of Star Wars , in which Peter Bogdanovich re-cutting the Last Picture Show several times. Charlie Chaplinalso re-released all of his films in the 1970s, several of which were re-cut (Chaplin’s re-release of the Gold Rush in the 1940s is almost certainly the earliest example of a director’s re-cut film being released to the public ). A theatrical re-release of Close Encounters of the Third Kind used in the phrase “Special Edition” to describe a problem in the context of a problem. As the home video industry rose in the early 1980s, video releases of director’s cuts were sometimes created for the small but dedicated cult fan market. Los Angeles cable station Z Channelis also cited as significant in the popularization of alternate cuts. Early examples of movies released in this Manner include Michael Cimino ‘s Heaven’s Gate , WHERE a cut along Was Recalled from theaters goal is subsequently shown and cable Eventually released to home video; James Cameron ‘s Aliens , WHERE a video release 20 minutes restored the studio HAD insisted on cutting; James Cameron ‘s The Abyss , where Cameron voluntarily made cuts to the theatrical version for pacing but restores them for a video release; Shim Hyung-rae ‘s Yonggary , Where Shim made cuts to the theatrical release for how close to the AmericanGodzilla it was and added in aliens and another monster, Cyker. That release Was released stateside asReptilian and, Most famously, Ridley Scott ‘s Blade Runner , Where an alternate workprint Version Was released to fan acclaim, Ultimately resulting and in the 1992 recut, the first movie to use the term “Director’s Cut” as a marketing description (and the first time it was used to describe the director was not involved in preparing).


Once distributors discovered it would buy alternate versions of movies, it became common for movies to receive multiple releases. There is no standardization for labeling, leading to so-called “director’s cuts” of films where the director prefers the theatrically released version, or when the director had actual final cut privilege. These were often assembled by simply restoring deleted scenes, sometimes adding as much as a half-hour to the length of the film without a look at pacing and storytelling.

As a result, the “director’s cut” is often considered a mixed bag, with an equal share of supporters and detractors. Roger Ebert approved by Sergio Leone ‘s original cut of Once Upon a Time in America , [2] and the moderately successful theatrical version of Daredevil , 2] citation needed ] which were altered by their studio for their theatrical release. Other well-received director’s cuts include Ridley Scott ‘s Kingdom of Heaven (with Empiremagazine Stating: “The added 45 minutes in the Director’s Cut are like parts missing from a beautiful but incomplete puzzle” [3] ), or Sam Peckinpah ‘s Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid , Where the restored 115 minutes cut is closer to the director’s intent than the theatrical 105 minute cut (the actual director’s cut was 122 minutes; it was never completed to peckinpah’s satisfaction, but was used as a guide for the restoration that was done after his death).

However, Ebert considers adding such material to a successful film to waste. citation needed ] Even Ridley Scott commented on the director’s commentary on Alien that the original theatrical release was his director’s cut, and that the new version was released as a marketing ploy. [4] Director Peter Bogdanovich , no stranger to director’s cuts himself, quotes Red River as an example where “MGM have a version of Howard Hawks’ Red Riverthat they’re calling the director’s cut and it’s absolutely not the director’s cut. It’s a cut the director did not want, an earlier cut that was junked. They assume because it’s a director’s cut. Capra cut two reels off Lost Horizon because it did not work. There are certainly mistakes and stupidities in reconstructing pictures. ” [5]

In uncommon instances, Such As Peter Weir ‘s Picnic at Hanging Rock , John Cassavetes ‘s The Killing of a Chinese Bookie , and Blake Edwards ‘s Darling Lili , exchange made to a director’s cut result in a go short, more compact cut. This publication is intended to be published in English, but sometimes it is the result of removing the content of the film.

Another way that released director’s cuts can be compromised when they are never allowed to shoot their vision, and thus when the film is re-cut, they must make do with the footage that exists. Examples of this include Terry Zwigoff ‘s Bad Santa , Brian Helgeland ‘s Payback , and MOST notably the Richard Donner re-cut of Superman II . Giving completed about 60% of the shooting of the day during the shooting of the first one was fired from the project. Christopher Reeve and Margot Kidder’s screen director Christopher Reeve, Footage used in the first film, and Entire scenes That Were shot by replacement director Richard Lester qui Give dislikes goal Were story required for practical purposes.

Extended cuts and special editions

Some directors explicitly dislike the phrase “director’s cut” because it implies that they disapprove of the theatrically released cut. James Cameron and Peter Jackson are two directors who are widely rejected by the preferring “extended edition” or “special edition”. While Jackson considers the theatrical releases of The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit trilogies to be a final “director’s cut” within the constraints of theatrical exhibition, the extended cuts were produced so that for the script to develop more of JRR Tolkien’s world, but which were originally cut for running time, or other reasons. New music and special effects were also added to the cuts. Cameron specified “what I was going to be the Director’s cut.” I was not a cut-out for the fans. ” (Though SPECIFICALLY referring to Avatar , He Has Expressed similar feelings we all de son Besides movies Piranha II: The Spawning .)

Special editions Such As George Lucas ‘s Star Wars films, and Steven Spielberg ‘s ET the Extra-Terrestrial , qui in special effects are redone in addition to a new edit, aussi-have Caused controversy. ( See List of changes in Star Wars re-releases and ET Extra-Terrestrial: The 20th Anniversary ).

Extended or special editions can also be applied to movies that have been extended for the time being, such as the TV versions of Dune (1984), The Warriors (1979) and the Harry Potter films.

The film Caligula exists in at least 10 different officially released versions, ranging from a sub-90 minute television edit version of TV-14 (later TVMA) to an unrated version of full movieographic version exceeding 3.5 hours. This is one of the most distinct versions of a single movie. Among major studio films, the record is believed to be held by Blade Runner ; The Watchdog Video Magazine counted no less than seven distinct versions in a 1993 issue, before director Ridley Scott later released a “Final Cut” in 2007, bringing the big grand total to eight differing versions.

Music video director’s cut

The music video for the 2006 Academy Award -nominated song ” Listen “, performed by Beyoncé , received a director’s cut by Diane Martel . This version of the video was later included on Knowles’ B’Day Anthology Video Album(2007). Linkin Park has a director’s cut version for their music video ” Faint ” (directed by Mark Romanek ) in which one of the band members spray paints the words “In Proceso” on a wall, and Hoobastank also having one for 2004’s “The Reason “which omits the woman getting hit by the car. Britney Spears ‘ music video for 2007’s”Was first released as a director’s cut is iTunes , with the official video released three days later. Many other director’s cut music videos Contain sexual glad That can not be shown alternative on TV THUS Creating scenes, Such As Thirty Seconds to Mars ‘ s ” Hurricane “, and in some cases, alternative videos, such as in the box of Spears’ 2008 video for ” Womanizer “.

Expanded use in pop culture

As the trend has become more widely recognized, the term “director’s cut” has become more widely used as a colloquialism to refer to an expanded version of other things, including video games, music, and comic books. This confusing use only serves to further reduce the artistic value of a “director’s cut”, and it is only rarely used in those ways.

Video games

For video games, these expanded versions, also referred to as “complete editions”, will be added to the gameplay or additional game modes and features.

As is the case with some high-profile Japanese-produced games, the game designers can take the liberty to revise their product for the local market with additional features during the localization process. These features are later added back to the original market in a version of the game. Reviews This was the case with the overseas version of Final Fantasy , Metal Gear Solid and Rogue Galaxy , qui contained additional features (Such as new difficulty settings for Metal Gear Solid ), resulting and in re-released versions of respective Those games in Japan (Final Fantasy VII International , Metal Gear Solid: Integral and Rogue Galaxy: Director’s Cut ). In the case of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater , the American versions were released first, followed by the Japanese versions and then the European versions, with each regional release previous one. All of the added glad from the Japanese and European versions of games Those Were included in the expanded editions titled Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance and Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence .

They aussi, similar to movies, occasionally will include extra, uncensored gold alternate versions of cutscenes, As Was the case with Resident Evil: Code Veronica X . In markets with strict censorship, the following will be produced in the game with the “Special / Uncut Edition” tag added to the original version of the uncensored edition.

Several of the Pokémon games have also received director’s cuts and have used the term “extension,” though “remake” and “third version” are also often used by many fans. These include Pocket Monsters: Blue (Japan only), Pokémon Yellow (for Pokémon Red and Green / Blue ) Pokemon Crystal (for Pokémon Gold and Silver ), Pokémon Emerald (for Pokemon Ruby and Sapphire ), and Pokémon Platinum (for Pokémon Diamond and Pearl ).

Music “director’s cuts”

“Director’s cuts” in music are rarely released. A few exceptions include Guided by Voices ‘ 1994 album Bee Thousand , which was re-released as a vinyl LP Director’s cut in 2004, and Fall Out Boy’s 2003 album Take This to Your Grave , which was re-released as a Director’s cut in 2005 with two extra tracks .

In 2011 British singer Kate Bush released the album titled Director’s Cut . It is made up of songs from her albums Earlier The Sensual World and The Red Shoes qui-have-been remixed and restructured, three of qui Were re-recorded completely.

See also

  • Movie editing
  • Final cut privilege


  1. Jump up^ Jones, Ellen. “Is a director’s cut ‘ever a good idea?” . The Guardian .
  2. Jump up^ Ebert, Roger (1 January 1984). “Once Upon a Time in America” . . Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013 . Retrieved 16 June 2016 .
  3. Jump up^ “Directors Cuts, the Good, the Bad, and the Unnecessary” . Empire. January 10, 2015.
  4. Jump up^ Lambie, Ryan. “The changing face of the director’s cut” .
  5. Jump up^ Jones, Ellen. “Is a director’s cut ‘ever a good idea?” .