A fan edit , fanedit or fan-edit is a version of a movie modified by a viewer, that removes, reorders, or adds material to a new interpretation of the source material. This includes the removal of scenes, or replacement of audio and / or visual elements, and adding material from sources such as deleted scenes or even other films.
Fan edits came to prominence when, in 2000, professional editor Mike J. Nichols , under the pseudonym of “Phantom Editor,” released The Phantom Edit , an edited version of Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace , that removed elements of the film he found distracting. The Phantom Edit circulated online and received by the media for their search for the original movie, which inspired others to make their editions of the film, or other films, and since then.
In their most common form, fan edits resemble the work done by professional editors when creating a director or extended cut of a movie, but they are usually limited by the footage already made available to the public with the official home release of a movie , while professional editors working for a movie studio. In addition to re-editing films, some fan edits feature basic corrections, such as colors or framing, that maintain or restore consistency within the movie, such as the Star Wars fan-restoration Harmy’s Despecialized Edition , which aims at restoring the Star Wars Original Trilogy to its original, pre-Special Edition form.
Some fan editors have gone to great lengths of publishing. A complete overhaul of Star Wars and The Empire Strikes Back by Adywan (Adrian Sayce) in 2009 and 2017 respectively under the title Star Wars – Revisited . Continuity fixes, image and cropping fixes, score restoration, new matter, rotoscoping work and adding new CGI elements to remove a lot of garish cartoonish additions from the various releases George Lucas had put out from 1997 onward. A similar overhaul was made by Uncanny Antman (Sean O’Sullivan) to Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which changed the movie to different movies and images and cropping errors; the film was rereleased under the title of Terminator: The Coming Storm .
Other kinds of fan edits, Such As Cosmogony , Bateman Begins: An American Psycho and Memories Alone , take footage from various different movies in order to make year Entirely new, different production.  
Fan edits are made for non-commercial purposes and can be considered a case of fair use , but their legality is unclear.
Before the term “fan edit” was coined, many alternate versions of movies edited by other fans or professional editors were simply known as a “cut.” In the late 1970s, many alternate “cuts” of films were released in the United States, and foreign films (such as those from Europe or Japan ) deemed unsuitable for American audiences underwent further alterations, score changes and re-titlings.
The first fan edit to popularize the field The Phantom Edit , created in 2000 by professional editor Mike J. Nichols under the pseudonym of the “Phantom Editor”. Nichols removed elements from George Lucas ‘ Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace that he felt detracted from the film, and made minor changes in dialogue, languages and give to the film’s villains a more menacing tone.  The end result was distributed on VHS and later online. The Phantom Edit is the first of many Star Wars fan edits to come, and has since inspired dozens of edits to surface on the internet.
The second major edit was done with AI Artificial Intelligence , originally a film that Stanley Kubrick was involved with, that Steven Spielberg ended up directing after Kubrick’s death. In 2002, an independent filmmaker named DJ Hupp introduced his take on the film named “The Kubrick Edit”, omitting certain scenes to alter the tone, to be closer to Kubrick’s style.  
The following year, the Purist Edit changed The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers to more closely follow JRR Tolkien’s books.  
After que la trend started to gain popularity and spread to other movies in the Sami fashion, Such As The Matrix series , Pearl Harbor , Dune , Superman II , and others.
Professional filmmaker Steven Soderbergh HAS created a fan edits of Psycho and Its remake , Raiders of the Lost Ark , Heaven’s Gate and 2001: A Space Odyssey That He Has posted on His website.  
Independent filmmaker Peet Gelderblom made a fan edit of Brian De Palma’s Raising Cain , which has been made to reorder the film.  De Palma came across the fan edit and was so impressed with it, he had Gelderblom overseeing a high definition version of it for Blu-ray , which was released under the Director’s Cut label, as De Palma felt that the edit has ” restored the true story of Raising Cain “. 
CleanFlicks was a Utah-based video store that offered more than 700 movies that had been remixed to appeal to Utah’s religious family audience. The chain of stores spread across 18 states in 70 different locations before a federal court judge ruled out illegal remixes in 2006. 
Fair use issues
While fan edits skirt the lines of fair use , the fan editing community Largely emphasizes the use of the final product shoulds only be For Those Who own the source material (commercial home video releases Such As DVD ), and are not to be distributed for profit or other personal gain.  Lucasfilm is aware of the existence of Star Wars fan edits, and has stated they will take action when they believe copyright infringement has taken place. 
In July 2007, Lucasfilm took action against fan editor “daveytod” after taking issue with his fan edit documentary of Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones , named The Clones Revealed . Their email to him quoted the possibility of “consumer confusion,” that the Clones Revealed might be mistaken for an official Lucasfilm product.  The email was sent to several members of the fan editing community and resulted in Fanedit.org. The reasoning given by Lucasfilm’s anti-piracy team during communications with Fanedit.org moderators seemed to display the mistaken impression that the Clones Revealed was a bootleg of the movie. 
In November 2008, Fanedit.org was briefly closed after receiving a complaint from the Motion Picture Association of America regarding the use of links to its copyrights appearing on the site.  After a three-day downtime, the website reopened without any links to potentially infringing files.
Fanedit.org has a policy for not allowed fan edits made from pirated versions of movies to be listed in its database.  One notable victim of this policy is The Purist Edit of the Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers . It was made from a leaked DVD screener of the theatrical version of the film. Despite being one of the earliest major editors, it is not listed on Fanedit.org. 
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- Jump up^ Kraus, Daniel. ” ” The Phantom Edit ” ” . salon.com . Retrieved April 17, 2017 .
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