In film , movie grammar is defined as follows:
- A frame is a single still image. It is analogous to a letter .
- A shot is a single continuous recording made by a camera . It is analogous to a word .
- A scene is a series of related shots. It is analogous to a sentence . The study of transitions between scenes is described in film punctuation .
- A sequence is a series of scenes which together tell a major part of an entire story , such as that contained in a complete movie . It is analogous to a paragraph . [ quote needed ]
The term film grammar is best understood as a creative metaphor, since the elements of film grammar described above do not stand in any strict relationship of analogy to the components of grammar of understanding by philology or modern linguistics. 
DW Griffith has been called the father of film grammar.  Griffith was a key figure in the set of codes that became the universal backbone of film language. He was particularly influential in popularizing ” cross-cutting ” -using film editing to alternate between different events at the same time in order to build suspense . He still used Many Elements from the “primitive” style of movie-making That predated classical Hollywood ‘s continuity system, Such As frontal staging, exaggerated gestures, minimal camera movement, and lack of year points of view shots . Some claim, too, that he “invented” theclose-up shot for filming.
Credit for Griffith’s cinematic innovations must be shared with his cameraman of many years, Billy Bitzer . In addition, he himself credited with the legendary silent star Lillian Gish , who appeared in several of his films, with a new style of acting for the cinema.
- Jump up^ Frank Manchel (January 1990). Film Study: An Analytical Bibliography . Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 96-. ISBN 978-0-8386-3186-7 . Retrieved 16 August 2013 .
Metaphorically, the “grammar” of the film relates to theories that describe visual forms and sound combinations and their functions as they appear in a significant relationship during the projection of a film. Thus, grammar film …
- Jump up^ Scott Simmon (30 July 1993). The Films of DW Griffith . UPC Archive. pp. 23-. ISBN 978-0-521-38820-7 . Retrieved 16 August 2013 .
Even more central is the way that the film plays with the possibilities and the limitations of the modern communication and … The problem is in the back of Griffith is not the first master of film grammar; archival rediscoveries and …