Motion picture credits

Two types of credits are traditionally used in movies , television programs , and video games ; all of which provide attribution to the staff involved in their productions. While opening credits will be the major positions in the production of cast and crew (such as creators, producers, and lead actors), closing credits will be recognized by all staff members that have been involved in the production.

Opening credits

Opening credits , in a television program , motion picture , or video game , are shown at the beginning of a show / movie after the production of logos, and list the most important members of the production. They are usually shown as text superimposed on a blank screen or static pictures, or sometimes on top of action in the show. Some opening credits are built around animation or production numbers of some sort (such as the James Bond films). Opening credits mentioning the major actors, the lead actor would be prominent, and the supporting actors would follow. Others that would be listed as a guest stars, producers and director, as opposed to closing credits which lists the entire production crew.

Closing credits

Main article: Closing credits

Closing credits , in a television program, motion picture, or video game. Almost all television and film productions, however, omit the names of the orchestra members from the closing credits, instead of citing the name of the orchestra and sometimes not even that. Also, most of the processors involved in this process are involved in the process, and are in the process of being marketed.

Closing credits are usually shown on the screen in small characters, which flip very quickly from page to page, or scroll from bottom to top of the screen. Credits which scroll either left-to-right or up-and-down are also known as staff rolls , which comes from pre digital days when the names were literally rolled over and would pass in front of the camera. Standard film credits move from bottom to top, and are often called “credit crawls.” Industry traditions, guild rules, and union rules and the ordering of specific names and job titles. Increasingly, post-credits are being added to the end of movies. Still, short or full logos appear at the end of movies (with the exception of Universal Pictures ).

Credits for motion pictures often include the name of any local (ie, cities, states, and countries if outside of the US) used in film production, eg schools, government entities, military bases, etc.) that played a role in the filming.


Billing is a film term denoting the amount and order in which film credits information is presented in advertising and on the film itself. Given information in billing usually Consists of the actorsAppearing in the movie, the directors , producteurs , the companies Producing and distributing the movie (by name and / or logo), and artistic and technical crew. The title of the movie is also considered to be part of the billing.

In the layout of movie posters and other advertising copy, the billing is usually Placed at the bottom of the post in what is Known as the billing block .

WGA screenwriting credit system

Main article: WGA screenwriting credit system

In the United States , screenwriting credit for motion pictures and television programs under its jurisdiction is determined by the Writers Guild of America (WGA). The Guild is the final arbiter of who receives credit for writing the screenplay, the original story, or creating the original characters, has privileged it has possessed since 1941 . If a production company is a signatory to the Guild’s Basic Agreement, it must comply with the Guild’s rules.