The term film modification can be used in general for any form of modification of a film to suit the distributor or the audience’s politics or age.
Early cases of this practice go back to the Nazis , who regularly stole prints of American movies from European countries during their Blitzkrieg raids. They would then be cheaper reanimate the movie (see Hochzeit im Korallenmeer ), or they would change the names in the credits (as with Max and David Fleischer’s cartoons).
As theatrical movies. These TV version of theatrical movies had scenes or sections of movies cut out, often in half-hour slots (often 4 half-hour slots). This film may also be used for television or film or television. On the other hand, there would also be a few running times (3 to 4 hours).
At the end of the 1990s, with some violent, indecent or foul language parts, to appeal to the family audience. By 2003, Hollywood reacted against these unauthorized modifications, as it is considered to be a destruction of the filmmakers work, and a violation of the controls an author has over his or her works. Famous directors and producers, such as Steven Spielberg , have published this practice in magazines. [ quote needed ]
Less controversial than external bodies editing movies Were the rise of director’s cut editions of movies, qui Flourished with the advent of DVD . These restore (and sometimes also shorten or miss, as in the case of Alien ) scenes or movies of movies that have been shortened for any reason even the reactions of test audiences).
In any case, theatrical films that would have been aired on television in the 1970s and most of the 1980s would simply have “Edited For Television” disclaimer superimposed right after the opening credits, or, in a few cases, superimposed over the movie title card itself, just below the title. However, today, when a film or television is aired on network or syndicated television or is re-issued on video in a different form of its original version, variations of the following disclaimers appear:
- ” This movie has been modified from the original version of ict. It has-been formatted to fit this screen. “
- Depending on the time, the disclaimer will add: ” … to run in the time allotted and for content.” , or, ” … and to run in the weather allotted” , or, ” … and edited for content” .
- Disney films prepared for television by Disney-ABC Domestic Television and other select TV stations will have: ” This film has been edited for television “, or ” This film has been modified from its original version. did this screen. “
- Many DVD releases That Contain versions of movies different from the theatrical releases, Such As Universal Studios Home Video ‘s Legend director’s cut DVD will have: ” This movie has been modified from icts original release to include additional material not in the original release. “
- In the instance of Black-and-White movies that have been colorized, there is often a disclaimer such as the following: “This is a Colorized version of a film originally marketed and distributed to the public in Black and White. with the participation of the Principal Director, Screenwriter, and other creators of the original film. “