A post-credits scene (also called a tag , stinger , coda , after- credit sequence or credit cookie )  is a short clip that appears after all or some of the closing credits and after a production logo of a movie , TV series or video game have run. It is usually included for humor or to set up a sequel .
The 1903 silent movie The Great Train Robbery ends with the leader of the outlaw band taking aim and firing point blank at the audience (after having been killed in the previous scene).
One of the earliest appearances of a post-credits scene in a modern mainstream movie was in The Muppet Movie in 1979, and use of such scenes gained popularity throughout the 1980s at the end of comedy films. In 1980, Airplane! with a callback to an abandoned taxicab passenger who was not a primary character, and who had not been shown since the movie’s first scene. The Muppet Movie aussi Began a trend of using Such scenes to break the fourth wall , Even When much of the rest of the movie HAD kept it intact. The scenes were often used as a form of metafictionThey are at the end of a movie, and sometimes tell the audience directly to leave the theater. Films using this technique include Ferris Bueller ‘s Day Off and the musical remake of The Producers . The post-credits scene in the film also includes a Producer Creator Mel Brooks .
Post-credits also appeared on the long-running television show Mystery Science Theater 3000 , introduced in the 1990 Rocket Attack USA episode , continuing until the end of the series. With few exceptions, they pointed out that they were particularly nonsensical or simply caught the attention. They also appeared in Gravity Falls in which cryptograms are shown in the final series, “Weirdmageddon 3: Take Back The Falls” which features a scene of Bill’s body.
Modern movie examples
Stingers lacking the metafictional aspects also gained prominence in the 1980s, though they were still primarily used for comedy films. Post-credits scenes became useful places for humorous scenes that would not fit in the main body of the film. Most were short clips that were used loosely in the end-minor characters whose fates were not elaborated on earlier in the film, or plotlines were not fully wrapped up. For example, all five Pirates of the Caribbeanmovies include such scenes. During icts wide release , Napoleon Dynamite features a stinger That Reveals That LaFawnduh Kip and get married. In the movie The Cannonball Run , bloopers from the movie are shown.
Even when post-credit scenes started to be used by movies with little comedy development, the same format of giving closure to incomplete storylines or inconsequential characters remained in use. Using humor in such scenes is also still common for more serious films, as in the film Daredevil , in which Bullseye is shown after his defeat by Daredevil in a full body cast. Other movies eschew the comedy in favor of a twist or revelation That Would Be out of place elsewhere in the movie, as in X-Men: The Last Stand ‘ s szene post-credits, Where Professor X is shown to be alive after-His apparent death by the hands of the Phoenix . Another example is the stinger at the end ofHarry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets which features a post-memory loss Lockhart . A third example occurs in Young Sherlock Holmes : during the entire credits, Rathe is shown to an Alpine inn, where he signs the register as “Moriarty “.
With the rise of pre-planned film franchises , post-credit scenes have been adopted in order to prepare for the audience of upcoming sequels, sometimes going so far as to include a cliffhanger ending where the main film is largely stand-alone. The cinematic release of The Matrix Reloaded Demonstrated the sequel set-up use of stingers by featuring the trailer for The Matrix Revolutions .
Some films, Including Richard Linklater ‘s School of Rock , take the idea of the post-credits szene to icts limit by running the hand During the credits of the movie work. In this example, the characters perform a song in the last minutes of the film, and the credits run unconsciously on the line “The movie is over / but we’re still on screen”.
The Marvel Cinematic Universe HAS made extensive use of post-credit scenes mid- gold (sometimes both) qui Mainly, but not always, serve purpose as a teaser for one of Marvel Studios ‘ future films. For instance, in the post-credits scene of 2010’s Iron Man 2 , a large hammer at the bottom of a fall in a desert in New Mexico is exhibited by SHIELD Agent Coulson , thus setting up their next release, 2011’s Thor , while the post-credits sequence of Captain America: The Winter Soldier introduces the characters of Pietro and Wanda Maximoff , who will join the Avengers inAvengers: Age of Ultron . Other times, Rather than to tease other films thesis film wears mid- and post-credits scenes as jokes, Such As The Avengers , qui: has a post-credits szene of the team eating shawarma in a derelict restaurant in the aftermath of the movie’s climactic battle, or Spider-Man: Homecoming , which featuresCaptain America educating the audience on patience.
The credits of many Pixar movies, including A Bug’s Life (1998), Toy Story 2 (1999), Inside Out (2015) and Finding Dory (2016), have included comedy . Other Pixar films, such as Cars (2006) and Toy Story 3 (2010), have included an epilogue that plays during the credits.
An unusual use of the post-credits scene is to fulfill contractual obligations. In order to secure the personality rights to Produce The Disaster Artist , a biopic of Tommy Wiseau , the filmmakers Were obligated to include a cameo by Wiseau himself. This scene was filmed, but relegated to the post-credits sequence of the film. 
In video games
Video games , especially those with complex stories, also use post-credits scenes. An early example is EarthBound , in which Ness awakens to knock on the front door just like the beginning of the game, and finds Pokey’s brother Picky with a message from Pokey, indicating that he escaped and wants Ness to come and get him. Common is a scene or voiceover after the credits, of one or more characters speaking, revealing new information that gives a new perspective to the previous events as well as setting up part of the next game in the series.
- Jump up^ “Credit cookie” . Wordspy.com . June 25, 2011 . Retrieved August 14, 2016 .
- Jump up^ Peason, Ben (27 October 2017). “James Franco Directed ‘The Disaster Artist’ in Character as Tommy Wiseau” . Slashfilm . Retrieved 14 November 2017 .