Production company

production company or a production house provides the physical basis for the realms of the performing arts , new media art , film , television , radio , and video .

Tasks and functions

The production company may be directly responsible for the production of a parent company , partner, or private investor. It handles budgeting, scheduling, scripting, supply with talent and resources , the organization of staff, the production itself, post-production , distribution , and marketing . [1]

Production companies are often either owned or under contract with a media conglomerate , movie studio , entertainment company , or Motion Picture Company, who act as the production company’s partner or parent company . This is known as the “studio system”. They can also be mainstream , independent (see Lucasfilm ), or completely independent (see Lionsgate ). In the box of television, a production company would serve under a television network . Production companies can work together in co-productions .


Entertainment companies operate as mini conglomerates , operating many divisions or subsidiaries in many different industries. Warner Bros. Entertainment and Lionsgate Entertainment are two companies with this corporate structure. It is possible for a single company to maintain control over seemingly unrelated companies that fall within the ranges of entertainment, which increases and centralizes the revenue of one company (example: a film production company, TV production company, a video game company, and a comic book company are all owned by a single entertainment company). A motion picture company, such as Paramount Pictures, specializing “only” in motion pictures is only connected to its other counterparts through its parent company. They are often involved in corporate reorganization, and often have a relationship with one another. A production company can operate as an affiliate (under a contract) or as a subsidiary for an entertainment company, motion picture company, television network, or all, and they are smaller than the company they are partnered with.

Book to film unit

A book to film is a unit of a book publishing company for the purposes of getting books that they published adapted into film .


Movies have been using books as a prime source for movies for years. In 2012, six out of the nine best picture Oscar nominees were originally books. Previously, publishers did not develop their books into a movie nor receive any of the profits. Neither Scholastic Gold Little Brown, Harry Potter and Twilight movies just through book sales. As the publishers faced with the decline in sales of self-published e-books, or moving into the publishing field, publishers have started the film and TV production business to boost their net income [2]with Amazon trying to compete there too. More screenwriters are turning to book publishers to get their screenplay published as a book, so to have a boost in their search to have the screenplay turned into a movie, given that it is a known product after the book. [3] [4]


Publisher Simon & Schuster has been owned by media companies by CBS Corporation while the publisher is not involved with film and TV, S & S shares with CBS for possible film or TV deals. [5] Alloy Entertainment While a publisher started using a book packaging to film model of film and TV development by developing the property in-house, the authors for books and movies, so as to own the property. Random House was the first big six book publisher to establish a book to film unit, Random House Films , in 2005 with a Focus Features under a development and co-finance plan. [2]

Macmillan Films was launched by Thomas Dunne Books in October 2010 Dunne’s published author. [6] Also, year, Random House changed their strategy to film development and packaging only. [2]

Condé Nast Entertainment was started by Magazine publisher Conde Nast in October 2012. [2] In 2013, Macmillan Films became Macmillan Entertainment with an expansion to other divisions’ book for possible films. [7] [8]

Operation and profit

A production company is usually run by a producer or director, but can also be run by a career executive. In entertainment, a production company relies highly on talent or a well known entertainment franchise to raise the value of an entertainment project and draw out larger audiences. This gives the industry a fair share of revenue and recognition for work done on a production basis. The entertainment industry is centered on funding, projects (scripts and entertainment franchises), and talent ( actors , directors, screenwriters), and crew). Production companies are judged and ranked based on the amount of funding it has, the production has been completed. If a production company has had a greater presence in the market, it is a major production company. These companies often work with well-known and expensive talent. If a production company does not have much funding and has not done so, it is considered to be a small production company. These companies often work with talent. Small production companies will become a major production company, a subsidiarycompletely owned by another company, or remain small. The success of an entertainment production company is centered on the projects it produces, the talent it can acquire, and the performance of the talent. Marketing is also a major factor. All films, as tradition, are often marketed around the image and the performance of the actors; with an option of marketing the behind the scenes crew such as the directors and screenwriters. Unlike many other businesses, a production company does not rely on an ongoing revenue stream , they operate on ongoing investments; a parent company or a private corporate investment entity (see Legendary Pictures). Their only source of profit comes from the productions they produce. Because entertainment and media ares currently in “high demand” is production company can benefit if ict management is able of using icts resources to supply good quality products and services to the public. Many entertainment production companies brand their entertainment projects. An entertainment project can become a “one time hit” or an ongoing “entertainment franchise ” that can be continued, remade, rebooted , or expanded into other sister industries; such as the video game industry (see Star Wars , Star Trek ). Entertainment projects can be an original or an adaptation from another industry.

In rare occasional cases, a few troubled major studios would also have their distribution and / or marketing staffs, mainly due to reduced resources, and co-investing in co-investing and / or co-distributing film projects with larger studios, operating as virtual, production -only movie studios. Notable examples include the legendary Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio , which, after many years of box office flops (mostly with low budgets), bad management and distribution, and bankruptcy, was restructured at the end of 2010 some of the Big Six studios (most notably the Sony Motion Picture Picture Group and Warner Bros. ); Miramax , which was downsized by a Disney trainerto a smaller division after the Weinstein brothers’ 2005 divestment and, after 17 years under the ownership of the group of investors; and DreamWorks Pictures , the independently-run live action studio, which currently releases many projects through Universal Pictures and their programs released by Paramount Pictures (which won the studio in 2006) 2008.

Staffing, funds, and equipment

Because a company is producing only operational When A generation is being white Produced and MOST of the talent and crew are freelancers , Many producing companies are only required to hire managementstaff that helps to oversee the company’s daily activities. In some cases, a production company can be run by only a handful of people. The company’s funds are mainly committed to employing talent, crew, and acquiring new equipment on a regular basis. Many productions often require at least one camera and lighting equipment. Production equipment is either owned or produced by the manufacturer or directly from the manufacturer. In the entertainment industry, the production companies often become a guild of talent or crew members. By becoming a signatory company, it agrees to abide by the guild regulations. All big budget guild productions are exclusive to guild members and no guild members are not allowed to participate in these productions unless authorized by the guild. Productions with smaller budgets are allowed to use both talent and talent from the public. The majority of the talent and crew working in the industry are members of their professions guild. Most productions in the industry are guild productions.


A production company is responsible for the development and filming of a specific production or media broadcast. In entertainment, the production process begins with the development of a specific project. A final script has been produced by the screenwriters, the production enters into the pre-productionphase, most productions never reach this phase for financing or talent reasons. In pre-production, the actors are signed on and prepared for their roles, crew is signed on, shooting rentals are found, sets are built or acquired, and the proper shooting permits are acquired for on location shooting. Actors and crew are hand-picked by the producer, director, and casting director, who often employs or collaborates with individuals to prevent untrusted or unwelcome people from gaining access to specific production and compromising the entire production through leaks. Once a production enters into main photography, it begins filming. Productions are almost never canceled once they reach this phase. Codenames are often used on bigger productions during filming to conceal the production ‘ s shooting rentals for both privacy and safety reasons. In many cases, the director, producers, and the leading actors are often the only ones with access to a full or majority of a single script. Supporting actors, background actors, and crew often never receive a full copy of a specific script to prevent leaks. Productions are often shot in secured studios, but they are also shot on location. Due to the exposure, when shooting in public locations After filming is completed, the production enters into production, which is handled by a post production company and overseen by the production company. The editing, musical score, visual effects, re-recording of the dialogue, and sound effects are “mixed” to create the final film, which is then screened at the final screening. Marketing is also launched during this phase, such as the release of trailers and posters. Once a final film has been approved, the film is taken over by the distributors, who then releases the film.

Other details

For legal reasons, it is common in the industry for the production of technology, the talent, or the general public. It is also common for filmmakers or producers to become entrepreneurs and open their own production companies so they can have more control over their careers and pay, while acting as an “in-house” creative and business driving force for their company freelance as an artist for other companies, if desired.


  • Overall deal where a distributor has the rights to all the output of a production company. [9]
  • First look deal where a network has the right of refusal to all the output of a production company. [9]

See also

  • Movie portal
  • Directors Guild
  • Film crew ; Production team ; Television crew
  • Film distributor ; Broadcast syndication
  • Filmmaking ; Video production
  • International Cinematographers Guild
  • List of film production companies
  • List of television production companies
  • Outline of film
  • Movie studio ; Television studio
  • Screen Actors Guild
  • Stagecraft ; Theatrical producer ; Television producer ; Producer
  • Writers Guild


  1. Jump up^ “What’s a Production Company and Why Do I Need One?” . . Retrieved 26 October 2011 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:d Lewis, Andy (February 23, 2012). “How Publishers Bolster Their Bottom Line by Retaining Film Rights” . The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved February 27, 2014 .
  3. Jump up^ Harvey, Ellen (November 5, 2013). “Why Hollywood screenwriters are detouring to books in quest for film work” . Book Business . Retrieved February 27, 2014 .
  4. Jump up^ Hall, Gina (September 18, 2012). “Why Hollywood screenwriters are detouring to books in quest for film work” . LA Biz . Retrieved 27 February 2014 .
  5. Jump up^ Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (August 18, 2013). “Publisher Makes TV Play” . Wall Street Journal . Retrieved February 27, 2014 .
  6. Jump up^ Fleming Jr., Mike (October 4, 2010). “Macmillan Publishers Starts Movie / TV Unit” . Deadline . Retrieved February 11, 2014 .
  7. Jump up^ “Macmillan Expands Book-to-Film Unit” . publishersweekly . November 1, 2013 . Retrieved February 12, 2014 .
  8. Jump up^ Lewis, Andy (November 1, 2013). “Macmillan Publishers Expands Film Division” . The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved February 12, 2014 .
  9. ^ Jump up to:b “What’s the Difference Between an Overall Deal and a First Look Deal?” . October 31, 2015 . Retrieved 2017-09-20 .