A re-edited film is a movie that has been edited from its original theatrical release .
Types of re-editing
Movies edited for format, length, and content.
- Format : Feature films are commonly produced in a widescreen 1.85: 1 aspect ratio or 2.40: 1 aspect ratio while television currently has two screen formats – A standard 1.33: 1 (or 4: 3) aspect ratio of analog television and the growing standard of 1.77: 1 (or 16: 9) aspect ratio for digital television . This video is presented in the 4: 3 aspect ratio on VHS tapes or DVDs , a disclaimer appears (mainly a black background), reading, This film has been modified from its original version. It has been formatted to fit this screen. Since the adoption of HDSome aspects of television have been revised for 1.39 or 2.40 aspect ratios have been reframed for 1.78 (16×9) for television and home video, and also require the modification warning as per DGA rules.
- Length : Films may be shortened for television broadcasting or for use on airlines . DVD releases of movies may also contain longer cuts. In a growing trend, more and more films are being released in an Unrated cut of the film. Prior to When TV airings of the movie begins, has size screen Appears reading, ” The Following movie has been modified from icts original release. It has-been formatted to fit this screen, to run in the time allotted and edited for content ” (see below). The end credits on TV airs of movies or other movies or movies, or movies, or movies, movies, movies, movies, movies, movies or movies
- Content : Some movies have been deemed “objectionable” to “family audiences”: sexual content, obscene language , graphic violence , and perceived racial insensitivities. To make thesis film suitable for younger or more typical hearings or to appeal to Advertisers When a movie is shown one basic cable or broadcast TV, alternative versions are created with gold REPLACED Such pleased removed. Often, profanities are replaced with minced oaths . For example, in the edited version of Pulp Fiction , Samuel L. Jackson uses the minced oath ” screw”,” little sucker, “and” my friend. “The editing of these versions is carried out by a producer or director of the work of two editions of Daniel Doubtfire . It’s over, he screams “Oh!”, while in the original version, he screams, “Oh shit!”. Another example is The Big Lebowski, where John Goodman says, “hey smashes the red car,” What happens when you fuck a stranger in the ass ?! “the TV-edited version has him saying,” You see what happens when you strangle in the Alps ?! “. He also says in the TV version,” This is what happens when you feed a stoner scrambled eggs! “In the 1987 comedy movie, Planes, Trains, and Automobiles , where Neal Page is at the Car Rental Agency, and says the “f-word” 18 times and is on TV Airings. Also, Saludos Amigos , Melody Time , and the TV edit version of Atlantis: The Lost Empire were edited to remove cigarettes due to influence on drugs , and in The Parent Trap , the part with Hallie piercing Annie’s ears is shorter, while in the regular version, the ” ear piercing ” part is longer. Annie’s lines, “Marriage is supposed to be based on something more than just sex, right?” and “Oh my God!” are muted out. Plus, apart fromAn Extremely Goofy Movie , in which hand characters Goofy and Max, are more like a tank, are trapped inside a flaming paper-mache “x”, Lola Bunny saying ‘eww’ during Stan Podolak’s deflation in Space Jam and Sandlot the kids we had fairground ride, but they got nauseous and throw up because they had been chewing tobacco were erased. Also, Disney Channel, Kim Possible , Phineas and Ferb , and so forth for the clean content.
These movies are Typically Preceded by the disclaimer, ” This movie has been modified from the original version of ict. It has-been formatted to fit this screen and edited for content .” For example, Mary Poppins was released and re-released on home video.
There are two main techniques for re-editing films:
Purchased film content is downloaded from the hard drive and third-party editors manually. The re-edited version is then copied onto the media (VHS or DVD) and made available for an original version of the original version. Some manual re-edits are done by fans (see The Phantom Edit ) to cut a movie to their own – or their peers – specifications.
Although the recent court ruling prohibits the business of self-editing films, the law permits to self-censor and edit their own films for personal use.
Programmed re-editing occurs when software (such as that used in a DVD player) is used to play the parts of the video and / or audio content that are used by the consumer.
History of manual re-editing
VHS tapes literally by making cuts and splices to the tape. A hotbed for this activity has been Utah with its conservative and entrepreneurial population. When Titanic was released on VHS, a video store owner in Utah began offering copies of the film for a $ 5 service fee. The service became very popular. Before long, VHS tapes and had them re-edited for their club / co-op members to watch.
When DVD technology evolved, the re-editing of the film was accompanied by a DVD version of DVD-R. Several companies attempt this business. First of all, the most successful being the deal and owner owned by CleanFlicks , Inc. of Utah. Clean Films later became the largest and most successful company in the business by employing an online rental model (similar to Netflix) and avoiding any physical stores. CleanFlicks and CleanFilms were sued with several others and a federal judge in Colorado that were violating copyright. Those named in the lawsuit ceased renting and selling edited movies. The legal argument was that the editing resulted in a derivation on a fixed media. At all times, for instance, CleanFilms sold with a copy of the original copy. In addition, each version of the document is of a different format. The judge ruled that the fixed media caused the violation. ClearPlay was not affected by this ruling, as they were not limited to media, and it was taken over by the consumer’s control of ClearPlay’s software.
The lawsuit started because of CleanFlicks franchisee in Colorado pre-emptively sued major directors. The franchisee feared the directors were going to sue because the DGA’s website said as much. The Directors Guild of America and the Motion Picture Association of America counter-sued and aussi included Several edited movie companies for copyright infringement and claims Regarding derivative works. In 2006, Judge Richard P. Matsch of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado ruled that it was a copyright violation to distribute re-edited films without the consent of the film studios .
In an odd twist, with Judge Matsch’s decision and order to the re-editing of companies in their re-edited inventory, shortly after the studios’ victory in the Denver court, the lawyers for the studios negotiated with lawyers for the re-editing allowing for the sale of existing inventory. One of the companies in the first three days of a “business out of business” generated more than a quarter of a million dollars in revenue and eventually returned to 5X or better return on investment. This is an unexpected investor outcome given the loss of a major infringement case.
History of programmed re-editing
ClearPlay was released by the DGA and MPAA, but the case was copyrighted by The Family Entertainment and Copyright Act of 2005 , which clarified that ClearPlay’s copyright infringement was not copyrighted. As a result, ClearPlay has been made available to consumers in the US while others have discontinued for legal reasons.
Another aspect of re-editing comes with consumer made edits, which are called fan edits (or fanedits). It is when consumers load the movies in their computers and use video editing software to produce a version of their content. Fan edits are becoming more popular since they are spread over the internet.
Future of the industry
It is unclear where this industry is headed. There is demand for the product. [ original research? ] A 2005 ABC News poll of 1,002 adults from across the country found that 39% of those polled were interested in purchasing re-edited movies, while 58% of respondents said that they would not be interested in such a purchase (with a 3-point error margin). 
Despite the above mentioned legal rulings, companies continue to re-edit movies via the Internet. Some have been shut down as well. Yet, search engine results on the web reveal companies continue to provide a secure media product, such as Clean Play DVDs.  Sometimes they use “going out of business” tactics to move inventory.  However, physical “brick and mortar” stores have been shut down, such as Cougar Video in Provo, Utah, which have been closed down.
Interestingly, one company, Swank, offers re-edited movies created by the studios themselves, supposedly for non-theatrical rentals and other non-theatrical rentals.  These are not clear if these versions are the same re-edited versions that create studios or television shows.
- Jump up^ “ABC News Poll”. (2005, April 22). Poll: Mixed Reviews for ‘Sanitized’ Movies.
- Jump up^ “Edited Movies and Clean Edited Family DVDS for Sale,” . archive.org . 9 January 2011.
- Jump up^ “Edited Movies and Clean Edited Family DVDS for Sale,” . archive.org . July 8, 2011.
- Jump up^ http://college.swankmp.com/insti/edited.asp